Mandatory Grounds for Refusal for Leave to Remain Applications:

This article is part three of four articles, which I have written for you, guys, to explain general grounds for refusal.  Why is it important for you to understand this topic? This is because the decision-maker begins the consideration of the application by checking if any of the general grounds for refusal apply to you.


Mandatory and Discretionary Grounds

Mandatory Grounds for Refusal for Leave to Remain Applications
Mandatory Grounds for Refusal for Leave to Remain Applications

The decision-maker will definitely refuse your application if one or more of the mandatory grounds for refusal apply to you. The UKVI may refuse your application if at least one of the discretionary grounds for refusal applies. In other words, with discretionary grounds for refusal, the decision-maker has a choice and can either allow or refuse your application.

If you make your application from outside the UK, then you ‘entry clearance’ general grounds for refusal will apply to your application. I’ve described these grounds in my previous two articles.


Mandatory Grounds for Refusal for Leave to Remain Applications

Today’s article is about mandatory grounds for refusal for leave to remain and indefinite leave to remain applications. ‘Mandatory’ is when the decision-maker has no choice but has to refuse your in-country application.


Mandatory Grounds for Refusal for Leave to Remain Applications

Play by the Rules

The UKVI WILL refuse your application if you make an application, which is not covered by the UK Immigration Rules. The UK government defines the rules of the game and you have to play by their rules. For example, they’ll refuse your visa application if you apply to remain in the UK on the basis that you have blue eyes. There are no Immigration rules which allow people to remain in the UK because they have blue eyes.


Even White Lies Are Not Accepted

The Secretary of State will refuse your in-country application if you lied in your application. In legal language, they

call this ‘making false representations’. The Home Office will refuse your application when you submitted false documents or information. What is very interesting is the fact that an application will be refused even if this lie was not material to the outcome of the application. In other words, when this lie could not affect (was irrelevant) to the outcome of the application in any way or form.

Also, rather harshly, you’ll be still penalised by the refusal even if you did not know about this lie. For example, there was a case where a father lied about his daughter’s age in her application. Despite the fact that his daughter was completely unaware of this lie, the application was still refused. The judge said it made no difference whether or not that girl knew of her father’s lie. It applies equally to the cases where legal representatives make false representations on your behalf. Even without your knowledge.


No Deportation Orders

Your application will also be refused if at the date of application, you are the subject of a deportation order or a decision to make a deportation order.


How Criminal Offences Affect Indefinite Leave to Remain Applications

If you are making Indefinite Leave to Remain Application (apply to remain in the UK indefinitely, without any conditions imposed on your stay), your application will be refused if you have been sentenced to imprisonment for at least 4 years.

Spent Convictions

Some convictions may become ‘spent’ after a certain period of time. This means that the Home Office will disregard them for the purposes of making/deciding an application.

4 Years

With the 4-year imprisonment cases, the conviction will never become spent. In other words, a person with this conviction will never be able to settle in the UK. As this is a mandatory ground for refusal, the decision-maker cannot exercise his or her discretion with these types of cases. They’ll refuse them automatically.

12 months – 4 years

With convictions, which led to 12 months- 4 years imprisonment, they will disregard them after 15 years. If there was imprisonment for less than 12 months, it will become ‘spent’ after 7 years.

Non-Custodial Sentence

If there was a non-custodial sentence or other out of court disposal, you will need to wait for 24 months (2 years) before making an application.


Asylum Related Cases


Whether you are applying for ILR or just make your further leave to remain application, the Home Office WILL refuse it if they excluded you under Аrticle 1F or paragraph 339D. I am not going to explain what this means in this article. This is because if you are a refugee and you were excluded, chances are you already know what this means and appealed against the decision.


Danger to the Security

The Secretary of State will also refuse the application if she made a decision that a person poses a danger to the security of the UK under Article 33(2) of the Refugee Convention.

This also applies to cases where the Home Office, after a person has been convicted by a final judgment of a particularly serious crime, decided that such a person constitute a danger to the community of the United Kingdom.

These were all mandatory grounds of refusal for further leave to remain (in-country) (FLR). They also apply to indefinite leave to remain (ILR) cases.

In my next article, I’ll be explaining the rules for discretionary grounds for refusal for FLR and ILR cases.


Further Help

And finally, if you want to get a UK visa of any type, you need to understand the rules of the game. You also need to understand how to apply them correctly. online courses help you do exactly that. After watching the course you need, you’ll dramatically reduce the chances of refusal of your visa application. It is because you’ll understand the application process and the requirements.

Mandatory Grounds for Refusal for Leave to Remain Applications